The word “tokenomics” combines two words, ‘token’ and ‘economics.’ It allows us to see how a token functions, along with various factors that may affect its value. This includes token supply, how it is issued, and the token’s utility. A project with good tokenomics often encourages buying and holding its token, reflecting in a higher demand and token price. In contrast, a poorly designed platform might not attract as many investors.
Each cryptocurrency project is like a small economy, with its own unique monetary policy. Tokenomics decides how tokens are spread out and what they're used for. It's essentially about the balance of supply and demand, which impacts the token's value. For instance, a token with a useful purpose in its ecosystem will likely be in higher demand than one without a clear use.
Tokenomics also plays a role in governance. In some crypto projects, if you own tokens, you get a say in the project's direction. This means token holders can vote on big decisions, like what features to add or how to change the token's distribution.

One key feature of cryptocurrencies, different from regular money, is that their rules are written in code. This makes them transparent, but also hard to change. Take Bitcoin for example. It has a maximum supply of 21 million coins. These are introduced into the system through a process called mining, where people get rewarded with Bitcoin for validating transactions. This reward gets halved every four years, ensuring that the last Bitcoin will be mined around the year 2140. These rules, built into Bitcoin's code, make its monetary policy predictable.

Solid tokenomics ensures that a token's valuation is closely tied to its real-world use and the demand within its ecosystem. Well-thought-out tokenomics can align the interests of everyone involved with the project, from developers to early investors to users, creating a sustainable and thriving digital economy around the token.