Soft Landing

Soft Landing


What Is a Soft Landing?

A soft landing, in the context of economics, refers to a situation in which the economy slows down gradually after a period of rapid growth while simultaneously avoiding a sharp recession. Imagine a plane smoothly descending to the runway – that's a reflection of an economy experiencing a soft landing.

The Importance of a Soft Landing

So, why is a soft landing important? Rapid growth can often ignite inflation. Central banking institutions typically adopt monetary policy levers such as raising interest rates to temper growth. If properly managed, these economic proceedings can lead to a soft landing, promoting stability without triggering a recession.

The Role of Central Banks in Achieving a Soft Landing

An economy on the upswing can sometimes overheat. The role of central banks is crucial here. They can gently tap on the brakes by increasing interest rates, making borrowing more expensive. However, too much tightening can thrust the economy into a downturn or recession, also known as a hard landing.

The Challenge in Achieving a Soft Landing

Achieving a soft landing is easier said than done. It requires a keen understanding of complex economic indicators, precise timing, and careful policymaking. Moreover, the interconnected nature of global economies can complicate the landing process.


A soft landing is an ideal situation for any economy striving for longevity. Just like landing a plane, it takes the right expertise, timely action, and just the right amount of braking for the economy to touch down smoothly, geared for steady, sustainable progress.

Learn more: How Does the Economy Work?