What Are Airdrop Scams and How to Avoid Them?
What Are Airdrop Scams and How to Avoid Them?

What Are Airdrop Scams and How to Avoid Them?

প্রকাশিত হয়েছে Apr 23, 2024আপডেট হয়েছে Jul 8, 2024

Key Takeaways

  • In crypto, an airdrop is a common marketing strategy used by projects to distribute free tokens to users, typically as a way to increase awareness and encourage adoption.

  • Airdrop scams are fraudulent schemes in the crypto space that lure users with promises of free tokens or coins, aiming to steal their crypto holdings.

  • This article covers what airdrop scams are, how they usually operate, and how you can protect yourself and your assets from scammers.


In recent years, airdrops have emerged as a widely used marketing strategy for cryptocurrency projects to distribute their tokens to potential users and investors. However, with the rise in airdrop popularity, there was also a significant increase in the number of airdrop scams. In this article, we will delve into what airdrop scams are, how they operate, how they look, and most importantly, how you can protect yourself and your crypto assets.

What Are Airdrop Scams?

Airdrop scams refer to fraudulent schemes designed to deceive cryptocurrency users by offering fake airdrops – supposed giveaways of tokens or coins. These scams exploit the allure of free tokens to trick beginners and unsuspecting individuals into connecting their crypto wallets to malicious websites, transferring assets to fraudsters, or disclosing sensitive information.

How Airdrop Scams Work

Most airdrop scams will involve some sort of phishing technique that lure users into malicious websites. Let’s go through some common methods.

Fake airdrop promotion

Scammers set up phishing websites mimicking legitimate airdrop and promote it through various channels, including social media, email, and messaging platforms. Their goal is to trick users into revealing their sensitive information or connecting their crypto wallets. 

In other words, they lure users by promising free tokens in exchange for participating in the airdrop. Once users express interest, scammers may request personal information, wallet addresses, or even private keys under the guise of claiming the airdrop. However, instead of receiving tokens, victims may find their wallets drained or compromised.


Scammers impersonate well-known cryptocurrency exchanges or influencers to gain credibility and lure victims into participating in fraudulent airdrops. Scammers may also hack into legitimate accounts to take advantage of their followers.

Unsolicited crypto or NFTs (non-fungible tokens)

Be careful if you find assets in your wallet that you never bought or asked for. Scammers may distribute unsolicited crypto or NFTs to users’ wallets in an attempt to promote malicious websites. Typically, users can find the scammer’s website when checking their wallets on a block explorer or as part of an NFT image that suddenly showed up in their wallets.

Note that victims may also lose funds when trying to sell or transfer tokens received from scammers. If you receive suspicious tokens, do not try to sell or interact with them.

Identifying Airdrop Scams

Here are some red flags to watch out for when evaluating potential airdrops:

1. Unrealistic promises: Beware of airdrops promising exorbitant rewards or returns without any effort or investment on your part.

2. Suspicious requests: Exercise caution if an airdrop requires you to connect your wallet to a website or to disclose sensitive information such as private keys, recovery phrases, or personal details.

3. Lack of transparency: Scrutinize airdrop projects lacking clear documentation, whitepapers, or reputable team members.

4. Phishing attempts: Stay vigilant against phishing tactics, including fake websites, emails, and social media accounts impersonating legitimate projects or influencers.

Examples of airdrop scams

In the example below, the victim receives an NFT that contains the scammer’s website embedded in the token name.

Below are examples of scam NFTs distributed to Solana users, inviting them to participate in fake airdrops. This happened right after the legitimate Jupiter airdrop.

How to Avoid Airdrop Scams

Use burner wallets

A burner wallet is a crypto wallet you create specifically for a single-use, making them suitable for riskier interactions. The idea is to only use it with a small amount of crypto, so you can limit your losses if something goes wrong.

Conduct thorough research

Before participating in any airdrop, conduct extensive research on the project, its team members, and its objectives. Verify the legitimacy of the airdrop by checking official sources, such as the project's website, social media channels, and reputable cryptocurrency forums.

Exercise caution with personal information

Never disclose your private keys, recovery phrases, or other sensitive information to unknown or untrusted parties. Legitimate airdrops do not require such information to participate. Be wary of any requests for personal data, as they may be phishing attempts by scammers.

Verify authenticity

Double-check the authenticity of airdrop announcements and promotions through official channels. Look for signs of legitimacy, such as official branding, clear communication channels, and endorsements from reputable sources within the cryptocurrency community.

Stay informed and alert

Stay informed about common airdrop scam tactics and remain vigilant against potential threats. Keep yourself informed of the latest developments in the cryptocurrency space and learn about the best practices for protecting your assets.

Reporting and Taking Action

Report suspicious activity

If you encounter a suspected airdrop scam or fraudulent activity, report it to the relevant authorities, such as cryptocurrency exchanges, regulatory bodies, or law enforcement agencies. By reporting scams promptly, you can help prevent further harm to yourself and others in the community.

Secure your assets

In the event of a suspected compromise or security breach:

  • Take immediate action to secure your assets.

  • Transfer your funds to a secure wallet or exchange with robust security measures in place.

  • Consider enabling additional security features, such as two-factor authentication (2FA), to protect your accounts from unauthorized access.


Airdrop scams pose a significant threat to cryptocurrency users, but with awareness, vigilance, and proactive measures, they can be effectively mitigated. By understanding the tactics used by scammers, identifying red flags, and adopting best practices for safeguarding your assets, you can navigate the cryptocurrency landscape with more confidence and peace of mind. Remember, the key to avoiding airdrop scams lies in staying informed, exercising caution, and trusting reputable sources.

Further Reading

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